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46                                 SHIPPING PRACTICE

Voyage charters may also contain clauses in relation to
the following matters—

1.  Limitation of liability clause (Cesser clause).

2.  Description of cargo.

3.  Options of other ports and cargoes.


Tlie explanations in brief of the foregoing clauses are—

i. Title of contracting patties. Names of the charterer
and owner of the ship.

2 and 3. Name of the vessel and warranty of seaworthiness,
etc. The warranty of seaworthiness may be in the form of
the words "good ship" with the class of the vessel added, e.g.
good steamship called the...................classed 100 Ai at Lloyd's.

It is well to remember that once a steamer has commenced
loading the charterer cannot demand cancellation for un-
seaworthiness. Also, that although a ship may be 100 Ai
at the commencement of the voyage, there is no obligation
on the owners to keep this class during the period of the

If a vessel is seaworthy for the voyage in prospect this is all
that is necessary. In explanation of this point a vessel pro-
ceeding from ^ to CviaB, has only to be seaworthy to reachB
from A, and the owner must then make his vessel fit for the re-
mainder of the voyage from B to C before ship leaves port B.

4.  Description of the vessel. This is only contained in the
gross and net tonnage of the vessel.

5.  Loading and discharging ports.  This requires no ex-

For a timecharter-party this would not apply, as a vessel
being hired for a stated period there is no necessity or desire
for the owner to know where the vessel is to load, and
instead the time charter contains date of delivery of steamer
and date of redehvery, these being the two dates between
wfafch the charterer hires the vessel.

6.  Cargo to be carried. In a voyage charter this is stipu-
lated together with the amount of cargo to be carried. This,
again, is not necessary in a time charter, with the exception